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bible dictionary online
Biographies of Bible Characters, People and characters in the Bible
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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | U | V | Z | Introduction

Ta | Tab | Tah | Tal | Tam | Tap | Tar | Tat | Te | Tem | Ter | Th | Ti | Tig | Tim | Tir | To | Tol | Tr | Tu | Ty

Names beginning with T

This guide is intended for visitors who want to learn more about the Bible. Please use the hyperlinks in the table above to navigate this page. If you have any comments or suggestions to make about this guide, please e-mail me by clicking on this link.


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Taanach (the king of) was a petty tribal chieftain whom Joshua defeated during Israel's conquest of Canaan. Joshua 12.21

Tabeel was a Persian official in Jerusalem, an associate of Bishlam and Mithredath, with whom he wrote to Artaxerxes to protest about the rebuilding of the city. As a result, the reconstruction of Jerusalem was halted. Ezra 4.7-23

Tabitha was a Christian of Joppa, also known as Dorcas (the names being the Aramaic and Greek, respectively, for “gazelle”). She was noted for acts of charity. Falling ill, Tabitha died, but Peter miraculously restored her to life. Acts 9.36-42

Tahan was the third son of Ephraim. Numbers 26.35

Tahash was a son of Nahor, the third by his concubine, Reumah. Genesis 22.24

Tahpenes was the wife of an Egyptian Pharaoh whose rule coincided with that of Solomon in Israel. Her sister married Hadad the Edomite. 1 Kings 11.19

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Talmai (1) was a descendant of Anak. After their reconnaissance of Canaan, Moses' spies reported Anak's descendants to be of gigantic stature, and related to the legendary giants known as the “Nephilim”. Numbers 13.22; Joshua 15.14; Judges 1.10

Talmai (2) was a son of Ammihud, king of Geshur, who offered sanctuary to Absalom after his murder of Amnon. 2 Samuel 13.37

Talmon (1) was a gatekeeper of the tabernacle in the reign of David, according to the Chronicler. 1 Chronicles 9.17

Talmon (2) was a gatekeeper of the temple in Nehemiah's governorship of Jerusalem. Nehemiah 11.19

Tamar (1) was the daughter-in-law of Judah, and mother of his sons Perez and Zerah. She was originally married to Er, on whose death she was given to Onan, who also died prematurely. Fearing Tamar was responsible for his sons' deaths, Judah declined to give her in marriage to his third son, Shelah. Tamar disguised herself as a prostitute, and Judah hired her, making her pregnant. When her pregnancy came to light, Judah intended to have her stoned for adultery. By producing a cord and a ring, which Judah had given as pledges of payment, Tamar proved his paternity of the children she was expecting. In due course, the twins Perez and Zerah were born. Genesis 38.6-30; 1 Chronicles 2.4; Matthew 1.3

Tamar (2) was a daughter of David and Maacah, the sister of Absalom and half sister of Amnon. Assisted by Jonadab, Amnon raped her then sent her away. Absalom's discovery of this crime provoked him to murder Amnon. 2 Samuel 13.1-32; 1 Chronicles 3.9

Tamar (3) was a daughter of Absalom, noted for her beauty, perhaps named after her father's sister. 2 Samuel 14.27

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Taphath was a daughter of Solomon and wife of the steward Ben-abinadab. 1 Kings 4.11

Tappuah (the king of) was a petty tribal chieftain whom Joshua defeated during Israel's conquest of Canaan. Joshua 12.17

Tarshish (1) was the second son of Javan, a descendant of Noah. Genesis 10.4

Tarshish (2) was one of the seven counsellors of Ahasuerus (Xerxes I). Esther 1.14

Tartan - the Tartan was the title of an unnamed officer of Sennacherib. He was one of three spokesmen who attempted, without success, to persuade Hezekiah to surrender Jerusalem to the Assyrian army. 2 Kings 18.17, 18

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Tattenai was the governor of the Province Beyond the River (the Persian name for Palestine), an officer of Darius, to whom he wrote in an abortive attempt to halt the reconstruction of the temple in Jerusalem. Ezra 5.3-6.13

Tebah was the first of Nahor's children by his concubine, Reumah. Genesis 22.24

Tema was the ninth son of Ishmael. Genesis 25.15; 1 Chronicles 1.30

Teman was the first son of Eliphaz and a grandson of Esau. Genesis 36.11, 15; 1 Chronicles 1.36

Terah was the son of Nahor and father of Abraham, Nahor and Haran. With Abraham, Sarah and Lot, Terah. left his home in Ur and settled in Haran. Genesis 11.24-32; Joshua 24.2; 1 Chronicles 1.26; Luke 3.34

Teresh was a eunuch and bodyguard of Ahasuerus (Xerxes I). With Bigthan, he plotted to kill the king. Mordecai discovered the plot, informed his niece Esther, Ahasuerus' queen, and both men were hanged. Esther 2.21-23; 6.2

Tertius was an amanuensis (scribe and secretary) of Paul. A personal greeting from Tertius appears in the closing paragraphs of Paul's letter to the Romans. Romans 16.22

Tertullus was a lawyer employed by the Jewish authorities of Jerusalem to convict Paul before the Roman procurator, Felix. Acts 24.1-8

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Thaddaeus was one of the twelve apostles, according to Matthew and Mark. In some manuscripts his name appears as Lebbaeus or “Lebbaeus called Thaddaeus”. Matthew 10.3; Mark 3.18

Theophilus was an acquaintance of Luke, who apparently wrote his gospel and Acts for Theophilus's information. Luke addresses him as “most excellent”, which suggests he may have been socially eminent but he is otherwise unknown. Luke 1.1-4; Acts 1.1

Theudas was the leader of a popular uprising against the Romans in Palestine. Gamaliel, quoted by Luke, places Theudas's revolt before that of Judas in A.D. 6. Josephus dates Theudas's rebellion later, but differences in the two accounts may indicate that another Theudas is meant. The Romans killed Theudas and his four hundred followers promptly dispersed. Acts 5.36, 37

Thomas was one of the twelve apostles, whose name, as a result of a story told by John, has become a synonym for one who doubts. Having been absent when Jesus first appeared alive to his disciples after the resurrection, Thomas failed to believe their report of this. Eight days later Jesus again appeared and rebuked Thomas, exhorting him to be not “faithless, but believing”. Matthew 10.3; Mark 3.18; Luke 6.15; John 11.16; 14.5; 20.24-29; 21.2; Acts 1.13

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Tiberius was a Roman emperor who reigned between Augustus and Caligula (A.D. 14-37) at the time of Jesus' public ministry and crucifixion. Luke 3.1

Tibni was the son of Ginath, a rival of Omri, who defeated him in the struggle for power, following Omri's killing of Zimri. 1 Kings 16.21, 22

Tidal was the king of Goiim, one of four eastern chieftains who defeated an alliance of the five kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim and Bela. These four took Lot prisoner with the men of Sodom. Lot's kinsman, Abraham, attacked and defeated them. Genesis 14.1-15, 17

Tiglath-pileser was an Assyrian king who, during the reign of Pekah, conquered and annexed Transjordan, transporting to Assyria Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh east of the Jordan. Ahaz paid him to fight against Pekah and Rezin. He captured Damascus, enslaved its people and killed Rezin. The Chronicler calls him Tilgath-pilneser and Pul. 2 Kings 15.29; 16.7-10; 1 Chronicles 5.6, 26; 2 Chronicles 28.16-21

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Timaeus was the father of Bartimaeus, a beggar whom Jesus cured of blindness. Mark 10.46

Timna (1) was a concubine of Eliphaz and the mother of Amalek. Genesis 36.12

Timna (2) was a daughter of Seir the Horite, a sister of Lotan. Genesis 36.22; 1 Chronicles 1.39

Timon was one of the seven deacons of the Jerusalem church. Acts 6.5

Timothy was the son of Eunice, a Jewess, and a Greek father. He became a follower and companion of Paul, whom he met in Lystra, during Paul's second missionary journey. To avoid controversy with Jewish opponents of Christianity, Paul had Timothy circumcised. He is named in various epistles of Paul, while two letters, purportedly from Paul to Timothy, but of dubious authenticity, appear in the New Testament canon. Acts 16.13; 17.14-16; 18.5; 19.22; 20.4; Romans 16.21; 1 Corinthians 4.17; 16.10; 2 Corinthians 1.1, 19; Philippians 1.1; 2.19-24; Colossians 1.1; 1 Thessalonians 1.1; 3.2, 6; 2 Thessalonians 1.1; 1 Timothy 1.1-6.21; 2 Timothy 1-1-4.22; Philemon 1; Hebrews 13.23

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Tiras was the seventh son of Japheth, a grandson of Noah. Genesis 10.2; 1 Chronicles1.5

Tirhakah was an Egyptian king, later Pharaoh of Egypt, who attacked Sennacherib, forcing him to withdraw from his siege of Jerusalem. 2 Kings 19.9; Isaiah 37.9

Tirzah (1) was the youngest of the five daughters of Zelophehad. Numbers 26.33; 27.1; 36.11; Joshua 17.3.4

Tirzah (2; the king of) was a petty tribal chieftain whom Joshua defeated during the conquest of Canaan. Joshua 12.24

Titius Justus was a Corinthian in whose house Paul stayed, after encountering opposition from the Jews of the city. Acts 18.7

Titus was an assistant of Paul, on whose behalf he was twice sent to Corinth during the third missionary journey. He became head of the church in Crete, but according to 2 Timothy subsequently went to Dalmatia. 2 Corinthians 2.13; 7.6, 7,13-15; 8.6, 16, 23; 12.18; Galatians 2.1, 3; 2 Timothy 4.10; Titus 1.1-3.15

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Tobadonijah was a Levite appointed by Jehoshaphat as a teacher of the law, according to the Chronicler. 2 Chronicles 17.8

Tobiah was a Servant of Artaxerxes I, an Ammonite official of Jerusalem and an opponent of Nehemiah's plan of rebuilding the city, using threats and insults to deter him. The high priest, Eliashib, allocated him a chamber in the temple but Nehemiah expelled him from the building. Nehemiah 2.10.19-20; 4.3-9; 6.1-4, 12, 14, 17, 19; 13.4-9

Tobijah (1) was a Levite whom Jehoshaphat appointed as a teacher of the law, according to the Chronicler. 2 Chronicles 17.8

Tobijah (2) was one of the three attendants instructed to officiate at the coronation of Joshua, in the vision of Zechariah. Zechariah 6.10-14

Togarmah was the third son of Gomer, a descendant of Noah. Genesis 10.3

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Toi was the king of Hamath, the father of Joram, whom he sent to congratulate David for his defeat of Toi's arch-enemy, Hadadezer. The Chronicler also refers to him as Tou. 2 Samuel 8.9, 10; 1 Chronicles 18.9, 10

Tola (1) was the eldest son of Issachar, the father of Uzzi, Rephaiah, Jeriel, Jahmai, Ibsam and Shemuel. Genesis 46.13; Numbers 26.23; 1 Chronicles 7.1, 2

Tola (2) was an Issacharite, the son of Puah and judge of Israel after Abimelech and before Jair. Judges 10.1, 2

Tou is the Chronicler's alternative version of the name of Toi. 2 Samuel 8.9, 10; 1 Chronicles 18.9, 10

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Trophimus was an Ephesian, a companion of Paul on his third missionary voyage, in Macedonia. His appearance in the temple in Jerusalem was blamed on Paul, and provoked the riot that led to Paul's arrest. In 2 Timothy Trophimus is referred to as having fallen ill, and having been left at Miletus. Acts 20.4; 21.29; 2 Timothy 4.20

Tryphaena was a Christian greeted by Paul in the closing paragraphs of his letter to the church at Rome. Romans 16.12

Tryphosa was a Christian greeted by Paul in the closing paragraphs of his letter to the church at Rome. Romans 16.12

Tubal was the fifth son of Japheth, a grandson of Noah. Genesis 10.2; 1 Chronicles 1.5

Tubal-cain was the son of Lamech and Zillah, a descendant of Cain and brother of Naamah. He was a smith who worked in bronze and iron. Genesis 4.22

Tychicus was from the Roman province of Asia, a companion of Paul on his third missionary journey. Paul later sent him as a messenger to the Ephesian church, to that of Colossae, and, perhaps, to Titus in Crete. Acts 20.4; Ephesians 6.21, 22; Colossians 4.7-9; 2 Timothy 4.12; Titus 3.12

Tyrannus was a lecturer whose hall Paul used for his preaching in Ephesus. Acts 19.9

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